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GravityLight推出重力灯 让照明告别传统能源

2019-05-20 23:14 来源:中国崇阳网

  GravityLight推出重力灯 让照明告别传统能源

  PresidentXiJinpingsaidonSundaythatbroadconsensushadbeenreachedatthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitasleadersendtyonLong-TermGood-Neighborliness,FriendshipandCooperationoftheSCOMemberStates,acooperationprogramtocombatterrorism,separatismandextremism,ityandenvironmentalprotection,andamemorandoperationinsectorsincludingbusiness,customs,,Xisaidatamediabriefingthatallpartieshadagreedtoincreaseunityandcooperationanddeepenthepartnershipthatadvocatespeaceandreform,equaltreatment,openness,,deputysecretary-generaloftheSCO,saidtheQingdammit,PotapenkosaidtheSCOSecretariathadalsoheededmanygoodproposalsfromtheleadersofmembercountries."Inthenextstep,itisourjobtoseethemthrough,",,comprehensive,nceandjointactions."Withtheglobaleconomyfacedwithdifficultiesandsetbacksinitsrecoveryandwithfrequentfront-burnerissuesregionallyandinternationally,nocountrycancopealoneorstandunscathed,"fWTOrules,consolidatetheopen,inclusive,transparent,nondiscriminatoryandrules-basedmultilateraltradesystem,ntstrategieswillalsobereinforced,andcooperationinsectorsincludingbusiness,investment,finance,connectivityandagriculturewillbeenhancedtopromotetradeandinvestmentfacilitationandinjectnewmomentumintotheworldeconomy,ilateralcooperationinareasincludingculture,education,scienceandtechnology,environmentalprotection,health,tourism,youth,mediaandsphangeandcooperationfortheSCO,andallpartiesarewillingtodeepencooperationwithobserverstateanddialoguepartners,aswellasdialogueandexchangeswithUNandotherinternationalorregionalorganizations.[Photo/VCG]WASHINGTON-TheWhiteHouseonSaturdayannouncedthemembersofa,accompaniedbyUSAmbassadortoChinaTerryBranstad,UnderSecretaryofTreasuryforInternationalAffairsDavidMalpass,UnderSecretaryofAgricultureforTradeandForeignAgriculturalAffairsTedMcKinney,andUnitedStatesTradeRepresentative(USTR)ChiefAgriculturalNegotiatorGreggDoud,,vowi,andactinaccordancewiththespiritofthejointstatement,edifferencesinaconstructivemannerthroughtalks,whichisinthefundamentallong-terminterestsofthetwocountriesandthetwopeoples,andthecommonaspirationoftheinternationalcommunity,shesaid.

USPresidentDonaldTrumpwalkswiththeDPRKstopleaderKimJong-unattheCapellahotelonSentosaislandinSingaporeonTuesday.[Photo/Agencies]ThenewTrump-Kimjointagreementcouldproveapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”However,it’snotjustaboutdenuclearization;:Followinghoursofclosed-doortalksinCapellahotelinSingapore,USPresidentDonaldTrumpandDPRKleaderKimJong-unsignedajointfour-pointagreement:toestablishnewUS-DPRKrelations,astablepeaceregime,aDPRKcommitmenttoachievethe“completedenuclearization”oftheKoreanPeninsula,,theagreementdoesnotincludeafirm“verifiable”and“irreversible”,theTrump-Kimagreementisnotafinaldeal,,itshouldbeseenasapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”,,ag,arealpeaceandstabilityrequiresfarmorethanafour-pointagreemen,DPRKiscus,Pyongyanghaslong–andjustifiably––afterWashingtonhadlostitsnuclearmonopolytotheSovietUnion-theearlysetbacksintheKoreanWarpromptedGeneralMacArthurtoconsiderusingnuclearweaponsagainsttheChineseandNorthKoreans–touseradioactivefalloutzonestodisruptChinesesupplychains-until,,between1950and1953,theUSsubjectedDPRKtoadevastatingbombingcampaign,whichdestroyed85percentofthecountry’sbuildingsandcausedonemillioncivilianstodie;morethantheentireciviliandeathsinWorldWarIIbombingofGermanyandJapan,,WashingtonhasseenDPRKasa“roguestate.”EvenwiththeSovietUnion,Washingtonsupported“peacefulcoexistence,”butwithDPRK,onlya“temporaryceasefire.”That’,Trump’sstatementinthepressconferencethattheUShadagreedtostopplaying“wargames”withPyongyang,referringtothejointmilitaryexerciseswithSouthKorea,“bringoursoldiersbackhome”fromDPRK,headmitteditwas“notpartoftheequationrightnow.”Typically,thedecisiontoceasethej’,hehadnearlyagreedtotheG7Summitcommuniqué,,dealsareseldomfixedentities,,formerUSpresidentJimmyCarterwhohasnegotiatedwithseveralDPRKleaders,notedthat,foralongtime,Pyongyanghassoughta“peacetreatytoreplacethe[1953]ceasefire.”Inhisexperience,inedIrannucleardeal,thatised2013NewYear’saddress,KimJong-unadvocated"aradicalturninthebuildingofaneconomicgiantonthestrengthofscienceandtechnologybyfanningtheflamesoftheindustrialrevolutioninthenewcentury.”Theseeconomiceffortsshould“bemanifestedinthepeople’sstandardofliving.”,PresidentObamaoptedforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia”’soutlineforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia,”,theobjectivewastoseizetheopportunitytocooperatewiththethen-presidentofSouthKorea,ParkGeun-hye,,insteadofrapprochement,WashingtonpushedforaTerminalHighAltitudeAreaDefense(THAAD),THAADwouldkilltwobirdswithonestone:itwouldsubduePyongyangand,ifneeded,,however,fellapartinearly2017,,,Park’sconservativeswereabletopostponetherepealoftheOperationControlagreement(OPCON),/USCombinedForcesCommand(CFC)isto“deterhostileactsofexternalaggression”SouthKoreabya“combinedmilitaryeffort.”TheCFCiscommandedbyaUSGeneralandithasoperationalcontrol(OPCON)overmorethan600,,USintere,atrueandlastingpeaceintheKorrtthetalks,thenullificationofimpeachmenteffortsagainsttheWhiteHouse,minimallossesfortheincumbentsintheUSmid-termelections,anotherTrumpelectiontriumphin2020–and’savery,,TrumpandKimtookthefirst,,ChinaandAmericaInstitute(US),theShanghaiInstitutesforInternationalStudies(China)andtheEUCenter(Singapore).ParentsandfamilymembersawaitstudentsoutsidetheentrancetoanexaminationsiteinHaian,Jiangsuprovince,[XuJinbai/ForChinaDaily]Moststudentsin8yearsturnoutfornationalcollege-entrancetestThenationalcollegeentranceexam-amake-or-breakopportunityforChinesestudents-startedonThursday,withasurgeintesttakersthisyearduetothe"babyboom",350,000morethanin2017andthehighestnumberineightyears,,knowninChineseasgaokao,ispivotalforhighschoolstudents,asitdetermineswhichuniversitiestheywillbeabletoapplyto-,aseniorresearcherattheNationalInstituteofEducationSciences,saidmanyofthosetakingthegaokaothisyearwerebornin2000,whe,anumberexceededonlyin2016--whenChinabegantoallowallcouplestohavetwochildren,,,18,fromtheHighSchoolAffiliatedtoRenminUniversityofChina,saidtakingthegaokaoisanimportantandunforgettableexperienceandmadehera"morematureperson".HergoalistobeenrolledintheCentralAcademyofFineArtsmajoringinarthistory."Preparingfortheexamoverthepastthreeyearsmademerealizethataslongasyoureallyputeffortintoagoal,youwillsucceed,",19,fromthesameschool,saidaftertakingherfirstsetofexamsthatthequestionswereeasierthansheimaginedandherhardworkinpreparation"haspaidoff"."Therewaslesspressureonme,asIcanchoosetogoabroadifIdonotscorehighingaokao,",fromBeijingBacuiBilingualSchool,said"seeingeveryonefightingforthesamegoalhasmademeamorediligentperson"andthathemadesomeofhisbestfriends,,someparentschattedwitheachother,ontheChineselanguage."Iwantmysontoseemeassoonashewalksoutofthetestroomsohewillbemorerelaxed,"saidYangYan,"Thewholefamilyisrootingforhim,"saidYang,whoworeatraditionalqipao,orcheongsam,

  JapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe(left)attendsanewsconferencewithUSPresidentDonaldTrumponWednesdayinPalmBeach,Florida,US.[Photo/Agencies]AttheirmeetinginMar-a-Lago,Florida,onApril18,USPresidentDonaldTrumprebuffedJapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe,TrumpannouncedthattheUSwonewtariffs,whichwillamounttoabout50billionyen($450million)ayearforJapandespiteAbeworkinghardtocultivateacloserelationshipwithTrump-ountermeasuresagainstUStariffs,sprotectionistpolicies,Japanhassignedorisnegotiatingmultilateraltradeagreements,which,itbelieves,,theJapaneseparliamentisworkingtowardratifyingtheComprehensiveandProgressiveAgreementforTrans-PacificPartnership,,JapanseestheTPP-11asacornerstoneonwhichitcn,too,inDecember,andthetwosidesaremaki,t,16countriesreachedaconsensustocompleteabasicframe,itwillproducethemostpopulous,diverseandenergeticfreetradeareaintheworld,,theleadersofChina,JapanandtheROKadvocatedeconomicglobalizationandfreetrade,andagr,,duringPremierLiKeqiangsvisittoJapan,BeijingandTokyoagreedtoestablishapublic-privatecounciltodiscussjoi,Japandoesnotwanttonegotiateatwo-waytrexploringcouldbackfireworldwide,sprotectionistpolicieswil,theUShasaskedJapan,aswellasitsotherallies,sdefensebudgethasalreadybeenrisingeveryyearundertheAbeadministrationendingadecadeofmilitarybudgetcuts,AnemployeeofZTECorpworksonanassemblylineinXian,capitalofShaanxiprovince.[PhotobyYuanZhijing/forChinaDaily]Managementrevamp,stiffpenaltiestoavoidUSsanctionsdampeninvestorsentimentSharesofZTECorpplummetedonWednesday,aftertheChinesetelecommunicationequipmentmakersaiditwillhavetopayatleast$1billioninpenaltiesandreshuffleitsmanagementinexchangefortheUnitedStatesgovernment$($)onWednesday,thelowestinayear,$1billionfineandsettingaside$400millioninescrow,itwouldreplaceitsboardandseniorman,orthoseabovetheseniorvice-presidentlevel,ceDepartmentimposedabanonpurchasesofUStechnologyinpunishmentforit,becauseUScompaniesprovideanestimated25percentto30percentofcomponentsinitssmartphones,tethatsuchmoveswillhavealimitedimpactonZTEsbusiness,giventhatitremainstheworldsfourth-largesttelecomequipmentmakerandithasarelativelysteadyrelationshipwithitsclients."ItwillnotleadtobigfluctuationsinZTEsshort-termperformance,"CICCsaid,maintainingits40yuan($),,CEOoftelecomsindustrywebsiteCctime,saidthedarkestdaysforZTEareover,anditislikelythatth,000high-techjobsintheUS.

  Atfirstglance,Jakarta-basedwriterandpoetBeniSatryosworkcomesacrossasbeingimbuedwithsprinklesofdryhumoranddrollsarcasm,thekindthatisnotatypicaltoyoung-ish,,andthatelementofsemi-comedydissipatestomakeplaceforarefreshingearnestness:anaturallyunpretent,BenipublishedhisfirstcollectionofpoemsinabooktitledPendidikanJasmanidanKesunyian,,,thecollectionprovidedpi,whichroughtranslationgoesassuchseeminglydescribingacasual,identifiabledinnerdate:Youaskalotofthings/Whenwestopattherestaurant/WhatisthisPepper/ThisSaltandsauces/,toalotofpeople,,,,ado(throughthembelingmovementinthe1970s)andHerryGendutJanartosGado-GadoKredo,,,[bythoseartists]areimportant,,arguesBeni,,doingnothing,gettingpissy,daydreaming,chattingandhangingout,[tome].ThosearethingsIamfamiliarwith,whyshouldItalkaboutissueswhichIamalientoForBeni,th,Istartbylookinginwards,butintheend,Iseenothingtherebutemptiness,hesays,[Iam],thebetter;,,hewasintroducedtothewriterPutuWijaya,,,Beniwouldl,Benisays,practicallyactingasasoundtracktoeverylittlethinghedidinadolescent,suchasrunningawayfromhome(itwasntadramaticthing,heinsists).ThroughIwanFals,Benibeganwritingpoetry:buyinghisfirstpoetrybook(PenyairMudadiDepanForumorTheYoungPoetinFrontoftheForum,releasedin1976),suchastheinfluentialJokpinandSapardi,,whichnowwor,,USPresidentDonaldTrumpwalkswiththeDPRKstopleaderKimJong-unattheCapellahotelonSentosaislandinSingaporeonTuesday.[Photo/Agencies]ThenewTrump-Kimjointagreementcouldproveapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”However,it’snotjustaboutdenuclearization;:Followinghoursofclosed-doortalksinCapellahotelinSingapore,USPresidentDonaldTrumpandDPRKleaderKimJong-unsignedajointfour-pointagreement:toestablishnewUS-DPRKrelations,astablepeaceregime,aDPRKcommitmenttoachievethe“completedenuclearization”oftheKoreanPeninsula,,theagreementdoesnotincludeafirm“verifiable”and“irreversible”,theTrump-Kimagreementisnotafinaldeal,,itshouldbeseenasapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”,,ag,arealpeaceandstabilityrequiresfarmorethanafour-pointagreemen,DPRKiscus,Pyongyanghaslong–andjustifiably––afterWashingtonhadlostitsnuclearmonopolytotheSovietUnion-theearlysetbacksintheKoreanWarpromptedGeneralMacArthurtoconsiderusingnuclearweaponsagainsttheChineseandNorthKoreans–touseradioactivefalloutzonestodisruptChinesesupplychains-until,,between1950and1953,theUSsubjectedDPRKtoadevastatingbombingcampaign,whichdestroyed85percentofthecountry’sbuildingsandcausedonemillioncivilianstodie;morethantheentireciviliandeathsinWorldWarIIbombingofGermanyandJapan,,WashingtonhasseenDPRKasa“roguestate.”EvenwiththeSovietUnion,Washingtonsupported“peacefulcoexistence,”butwithDPRK,onlya“temporaryceasefire.”That’,Trump’sstatementinthepressconferencethattheUShadagreedtostopplaying“wargames”withPyongyang,referringtothejointmilitaryexerciseswithSouthKorea,“bringoursoldiersbackhome”fromDPRK,headmitteditwas“notpartoftheequationrightnow.”Typically,thedecisiontoceasethej’,hehadnearlyagreedtotheG7Summitcommuniqué,,dealsareseldomfixedentities,,formerUSpresidentJimmyCarterwhohasnegotiatedwithseveralDPRKleaders,notedthat,foralongtime,Pyongyanghassoughta“peacetreatytoreplacethe[1953]ceasefire.”Inhisexperience,inedIrannucleardeal,thatised2013NewYear’saddress,KimJong-unadvocated"aradicalturninthebuildingofaneconomicgiantonthestrengthofscienceandtechnologybyfanningtheflamesoftheindustrialrevolutioninthenewcentury.”Theseeconomiceffortsshould“bemanifestedinthepeople’sstandardofliving.”,PresidentObamaoptedforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia”’soutlineforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia,”,theobjectivewastoseizetheopportunitytocooperatewiththethen-presidentofSouthKorea,ParkGeun-hye,,insteadofrapprochement,WashingtonpushedforaTerminalHighAltitudeAreaDefense(THAAD),THAADwouldkilltwobirdswithonestone:itwouldsubduePyongyangand,ifneeded,,however,fellapartinearly2017,,,Park’sconservativeswereabletopostponetherepealoftheOperationControlagreement(OPCON),/USCombinedForcesCommand(CFC)isto“deterhostileactsofexternalaggression”SouthKoreabya“combinedmilitaryeffort.”TheCFCiscommandedbyaUSGeneralandithasoperationalcontrol(OPCON)overmorethan600,,USintere,atrueandlastingpeaceintheKorrtthetalks,thenullificationofimpeachmenteffortsagainsttheWhiteHouse,minimallossesfortheincumbentsintheUSmid-termelections,anotherTrumpelectiontriumphin2020–and’savery,,TrumpandKimtookthefirst,,ChinaandAmericaInstitute(US),theShanghaiInstitutesforInternationalStudies(China)andtheEUCenter(Singapore).

AgroupofRussiandoctorsstudycuppingpracticeatatraditionalChinesemedicinehospitalinGansuprovince.[Photo/Xinhua]AnallianceofhospitalshasbeensetuptoenhanceacademicandtechnologicalexchangesamongShanghaiCooperationOrganiza,aplatformfordiscussiononmedicalstandardizationmanagementandclinicaltrials,alliancealongwithsevenfromKyrgyzstan,Kazakhstan,PakistanandMongolia,accordingtoZhaoHongtao,deputysecretary-generaloftheChinaHospitalAssociation,,inwhichSCOcountriescanbenefitfromtelemedicineandtransfertreatment."TheallianceintendstoencouragethepracticeoftelemedicineinSCOcountries,wherethereishighdemandamongmedicalworkers,"ferclinicalcareatadistance,suchasthroughavideolink,he,atelemedicineplatformwassetupintheXinjiangUygurautonomousregiont,theycansharemedicalresourcesandconsultexpertsinmajorcitiesincludingBeijing,sachievementsandencouragemorehospitalstotakepart."WealsoexpectmorequalifiedhospitalsinChinasdevelopedareaswilljointheplatformsothatmorepatientsfromremoteareaswithinSCOcountriescansharehigh-classmedicalresources,",especiallythosewithcomplicatedandseverediseases,,directoroftheassociation,toldChinaNewsServicethatthealliancewillnotonlyenha,deputyhealthministerofKyrgyzstan,saidhiscountryalreadyenjoyslotsofcooperationwithChina,includingexchangesofmedicalexpertsandstudents.

  ,IcanrememberthatanticipationonthecuspofamomentwhenaneconomyshistoricsummitbetweenUSPresidentDonaldTrumpandDPRKleaderKimJong-uninSingapore,,aspecialeconomicadvisertotheDPRKPremierPakBong-ju,hassaid:"TherehasbeenaverydistinctshiftwithinChairmanKim(Jong-un)hassurroundedhimselfw,"Morespecifically,Pyongyangislookingtothemodelsofopening-upandreformadoptedbyChina,RKJong-untoproceedindirecteconomicengagement,regardlessoftherollercoasterabout-facedecisionsorTwitterfeedsofTrump,heraldsaneraofcross-borderinvestmentsthatisreminiscentofthedayswhenHongKongledallglobalinvestmentsontheChin,thedynamicsoftheKoreanPen,theDPRKsGDPhassoared17percentdrivenbyaconstr,w,,thenumberofmobilephoneusersintheDPRKhasincreasedto3mil$,whichtheDPRK,whenwilltheUnitedStatesliftthesanctionsIntheend,justasimsforlayingdowna:whenUSsanctionsagainstanationarelifted,economiesopenup,reformoccursandpeople,,tradeceases,andinfor:opennessofcapital,tradeandfreeflowofideas,,economicsanctionsareonernationalfellowattheCenterforChinaandGlobalization.

  TheproblematicplantoadaptthefamousnovelBumiManusia(EarthofMankind)intoafilmand,buttheabilitytodigestthewriters/indeedthetragiclovestorybetweenthemaincharacters,,:thatAnneliesseparationfromMinkedepictsthepowerlessnessofthecolonizedpeopleastheoppressedinthefaceofthelaw,imposedonthembytheoppressor;thatMinkesshiftfromaspoiledwriterwhoinitiallyonlywantedhiswritingtobeappreciatedbytheupper-classoppressors,toanationalistwriterwhowantedhisworkstoinspirehisfellowbrothersandsistersisacallfornationalismandsocialmovement;howNyaiOntosorohsout-of-her-time,courageousindependencefromherrottenhusbandisacallforfreedom,,themoreonereadsthebookhopefullyfollowedbyothersinthetrilogythemoreonewillfindideastodiscuss,,BumiManusiaisareputableliterarywork,notonlynationallybutglobally,l,especi,,,asIwillnotj,IdefinitelyexpectthatHanunghasafullgr,NoviaRianiPutridismissedpeonalmaterialnortheauthor,andsaidBumiManusiacouldbepopularamo,shesaidnobodywouldactuallybothertoreadaclassicandthicknovelofothercountrieswithold-languagestyleaseventhenativespeakers[ofthoseworks]mostlyreadthemaspartofahighschooltask,,AhmadToharisRonggengDukuhParuk(DancerofParukVillage)wouldonlymeanastoryofaneroticdancer,UmarKayamsParaPriyayi(TheNobility)wouldbenothingmorethanafamilydramaandAchdiatKartaMihardjasAtheiswouldbemerelyanothertragiclovestory.(mut)***ThewriterisanIndonesianlectureratGuangdongUniversityofForeignStudies,Guangzhou,ent,TeachersCollege,ColumbiaUniversity,NewYork,theUnitedStates.AshrafGhani,Afghanpresident[Photo/ChinaDaily]ChinasupportsAfghanistanforitseffortsinpushingthepeaceandreconciliationprocesstoresolvetheAfghanissuethroughpoliticaldialogue,ceinthe"Afghan-ledandAfghan-owned"politicalreconciliationprocess,XitoldhisAfghancounterpart,addingthatheappreciatesthepeaceinitiativeGhaniunveisgoodneighbor,XisaidconsolidatinganddevelopingthetraditionalfriendshipbetweenthetwocountriesisChina,maintaincloseexchangesbetweengovernmentandlegislativedepartmentsaswellaspartiesandthemilitaryatvariouslevels,andstrengthenlocalcooperationbetweenauthorities,,sayingChinasupportsAfghanistanparticipatinginconstructionoftheBeltandRoadInitiativetoseringterrorism,seffortsinpreservingitsdomesticsecurity,,sayingthesummithasformulatedabrightvisionfortheorganizationslong-termassistancetohiscountry,particularlythenationerproposalsinstrengtheningregionalcooperation,anditiswillingtointensifypartnershipwithChinainbilateralandregionalaffairs,Ghanisaid.

  USPresidentDonaldTrumpwalkswiththeDPRKstopleaderKimJong-unattheCapellahotelonSentosaislandinSingaporeonTuesday.[Photo/Agencies]ThenewTrump-Kimjointagreementcouldproveapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”However,it’snotjustaboutdenuclearization;:Followinghoursofclosed-doortalksinCapellahotelinSingapore,USPresidentDonaldTrumpandDPRKleaderKimJong-unsignedajointfour-pointagreement:toestablishnewUS-DPRKrelations,astablepeaceregime,aDPRKcommitmenttoachievethe“completedenuclearization”oftheKoreanPeninsula,,theagreementdoesnotincludeafirm“verifiable”and“irreversible”,theTrump-Kimagreementisnotafinaldeal,,itshouldbeseenasapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”,,ag,arealpeaceandstabilityrequiresfarmorethanafour-pointagreemen,DPRKiscus,Pyongyanghaslong–andjustifiably––afterWashingtonhadlostitsnuclearmonopolytotheSovietUnion-theearlysetbacksintheKoreanWarpromptedGeneralMacArthurtoconsiderusingnuclearweaponsagainsttheChineseandNorthKoreans–touseradioactivefalloutzonestodisruptChinesesupplychains-until,,between1950and1953,theUSsubjectedDPRKtoadevastatingbombingcampaign,whichdestroyed85percentofthecountry’sbuildingsandcausedonemillioncivilianstodie;morethantheentireciviliandeathsinWorldWarIIbombingofGermanyandJapan,,WashingtonhasseenDPRKasa“roguestate.”EvenwiththeSovietUnion,Washingtonsupported“peacefulcoexistence,”butwithDPRK,onlya“temporaryceasefire.”That’,Trump’sstatementinthepressconferencethattheUShadagreedtostopplaying“wargames”withPyongyang,referringtothejointmilitaryexerciseswithSouthKorea,“bringoursoldiersbackhome”fromDPRK,headmitteditwas“notpartoftheequationrightnow.”Typically,thedecisiontoceasethej’,hehadnearlyagreedtotheG7Summitcommuniqué,,dealsareseldomfixedentities,,formerUSpresidentJimmyCarterwhohasnegotiatedwithseveralDPRKleaders,notedthat,foralongtime,Pyongyanghassoughta“peacetreatytoreplacethe[1953]ceasefire.”Inhisexperience,inedIrannucleardeal,thatised2013NewYear’saddress,KimJong-unadvocated"aradicalturninthebuildingofaneconomicgiantonthestrengthofscienceandtechnologybyfanningtheflamesoftheindustrialrevolutioninthenewcentury.”Theseeconomiceffortsshould“bemanifestedinthepeople’sstandardofliving.”,PresidentObamaoptedforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia”’soutlineforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia,”,theobjectivewastoseizetheopportunitytocooperatewiththethen-presidentofSouthKorea,ParkGeun-hye,,insteadofrapprochement,WashingtonpushedforaTerminalHighAltitudeAreaDefense(THAAD),THAADwouldkilltwobirdswithonestone:itwouldsubduePyongyangand,ifneeded,,however,fellapartinearly2017,,,Park’sconservativeswereabletopostponetherepealoftheOperationControlagreement(OPCON),/USCombinedForcesCommand(CFC)isto“deterhostileactsofexternalaggression”SouthKoreabya“combinedmilitaryeffort.”TheCFCiscommandedbyaUSGeneralandithasoperationalcontrol(OPCON)overmorethan600,,USintere,atrueandlastingpeaceintheKorrtthetalks,thenullificationofimpeachmenteffortsagainsttheWhiteHouse,minimallossesfortheincumbentsintheUSmid-termelections,anotherTrumpelectiontriumphin2020–and’savery,,TrumpandKimtookthefirst,,ChinaandAmericaInstitute(US),theShanghaiInstitutesforInternationalStudies(China)andtheEUCenter(Singapore).

  ,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.

  USPresidentDonaldTrumpwalkswiththeDPRKstopleaderKimJong-unattheCapellahotelonSentosaislandinSingaporeonTuesday.[Photo/Agencies]ThenewTrump-Kimjointagreementcouldproveapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”However,it’snotjustaboutdenuclearization;:Followinghoursofclosed-doortalksinCapellahotelinSingapore,USPresidentDonaldTrumpandDPRKleaderKimJong-unsignedajointfour-pointagreement:toestablishnewUS-DPRKrelations,astablepeaceregime,aDPRKcommitmenttoachievethe“completedenuclearization”oftheKoreanPeninsula,,theagreementdoesnotincludeafirm“verifiable”and“irreversible”,theTrump-Kimagreementisnotafinaldeal,,itshouldbeseenasapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”,,ag,arealpeaceandstabilityrequiresfarmorethanafour-pointagreemen,DPRKiscus,Pyongyanghaslong–andjustifiably––afterWashingtonhadlostitsnuclearmonopolytotheSovietUnion-theearlysetbacksintheKoreanWarpromptedGeneralMacArthurtoconsiderusingnuclearweaponsagainsttheChineseandNorthKoreans–touseradioactivefalloutzonestodisruptChinesesupplychains-until,,between1950and1953,theUSsubjectedDPRKtoadevastatingbombingcampaign,whichdestroyed85percentofthecountry’sbuildingsandcausedonemillioncivilianstodie;morethantheentireciviliandeathsinWorldWarIIbombingofGermanyandJapan,,WashingtonhasseenDPRKasa“roguestate.”EvenwiththeSovietUnion,Washingtonsupported“peacefulcoexistence,”butwithDPRK,onlya“temporaryceasefire.”That’,Trump’sstatementinthepressconferencethattheUShadagreedtostopplaying“wargames”withPyongyang,referringtothejointmilitaryexerciseswithSouthKorea,“bringoursoldiersbackhome”fromDPRK,headmitteditwas“notpartoftheequationrightnow.”Typically,thedecisiontoceasethej’,hehadnearlyagreedtotheG7Summitcommuniqué,,dealsareseldomfixedentities,,formerUSpresidentJimmyCarterwhohasnegotiatedwithseveralDPRKleaders,notedthat,foralongtime,Pyongyanghassoughta“peacetreatytoreplacethe[1953]ceasefire.”Inhisexperience,inedIrannucleardeal,thatised2013NewYear’saddress,KimJong-unadvocated"aradicalturninthebuildingofaneconomicgiantonthestrengthofscienceandtechnologybyfanningtheflamesoftheindustrialrevolutioninthenewcentury.”Theseeconomiceffortsshould“bemanifestedinthepeople’sstandardofliving.”,PresidentObamaoptedforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia”’soutlineforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia,”,theobjectivewastoseizetheopportunitytocooperatewiththethen-presidentofSouthKorea,ParkGeun-hye,,insteadofrapprochement,WashingtonpushedforaTerminalHighAltitudeAreaDefense(THAAD),THAADwouldkilltwobirdswithonestone:itwouldsubduePyongyangand,ifneeded,,however,fellapartinearly2017,,,Park’sconservativeswereabletopostponetherepealoftheOperationControlagreement(OPCON),/USCombinedForcesCommand(CFC)isto“deterhostileactsofexternalaggression”SouthKoreabya“combinedmilitaryeffort.”TheCFCiscommandedbyaUSGeneralandithasoperationalcontrol(OPCON)overmorethan600,,USintere,atrueandlastingpeaceintheKorrtthetalks,thenullificationofimpeachmenteffortsagainsttheWhiteHouse,minimallossesfortheincumbentsintheUSmid-termelections,anotherTrumpelectiontriumphin2020–and’savery,,TrumpandKimtookthefirst,,ChinaandAmericaInstitute(US),theShanghaiInstitutesforInternationalStudies(China)andtheEUCenter(Singapore).

  Apoliceofficerthrowsacaseofdrugsintoafurnaceduringapublicanti-drugcampaigninUrumqi,XinjiangUygurautonomousregion,/CHINANEWSSERVICEChinaofferstechnicaltrainingtoSCOmemberstostoptraffickersChinahaspledgedtoprovidemoretrainingandtechnicalsupporttomembernationsoftheShastoimprovetheircapabilitiesininvestigatingandfightingcrime,accordingtoWeiXiaojun,,hesaid,Chinawillalsoprovidetechnicalandequipmentsupportwhileworkingtofindalternativecropsorsourcesofincomefortheregion,akeyingredientinopiatessuchasmorphine,heroinandcodeine."Drugsleadtomanyviolentcrimes,includingmurderandkidnapping,whichseriouslythreatensregionalsecurityandsocialstability,"Weisaid."Wetakeazero-toleranceattitudetowarddrugs."Inrecentyears,narcoticsfromtheworldsthreemajordrug-producingareas-theGoldenTriangle,comprisingpartsofThailand,LaosandMyanmar;theGoldenCrescent,whichincludespartsofCentralandSouthAsia;andSouthAmerica-lmethamphetamine-alsoknownasice-foundinChinacomesfromtheGoldenTriangle,althoughauthoritiessaanebeforebeingtraffickedtoEuropeandtheUnitedStates,,policeacrossChinahavehandled860,000drug-relatedcases,,,,an,hesaid,whilecriminalscannowfindclientsonline,buychemicalsforthemanufactureofnarcotics,andplaceorderstohavedrugsdeliveredusinginternationallogisticsservices."Evenworse,illegaldrugmanufacturingandtraffickinghaveintertwinedwithtransnationalorganizedcrime,theillegalflowofcapital,corruptionandterrorism,posingaseriousthreattoregionalpeaceandstability,"thestrongdemandfordrugsaswellasenhancecooperationoneducationandpreventionmeasurestocurbtherisingnumberofaddicts.

  PresidentXiJinpingdeliversakeynotespeechatthetheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongprovince,onJune10,2018.[PhotobyFengYongbin/ChinaDaily]TofurthercarryforwardtheShanghaiSpiritPresidentXicalledforfurthercarryingforwardtheShanghaiSpirittosurmountdifficulties,defuserisksandmeetchallenges."WeshouldrejecttheColdWarmentalityandconfrontationbetweenblocksandopposethepracticesofseekingabsolutesecurityofoneselfattheexpenseofthesecurityofothercountries,soastoachievesecurityofall,"hegemonyandpowerpoliticsstillpersistintheworld,thegr,,tradeprotectionismandbacklashagainstglobalizationaretakingnewforms,hesaidthepursuitofcooperationformutualbenefitrepresentsasurgingtrendinthisglobalvillagewherecountriesawillsetupa30-billion-yuan($)equivalentspeciallendingfacilitywithintheframeworkoftheInter-BankConsortiumoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization.,RimbaBacaiss,buttherearealsoworksinIndonesianandotherlanguages,includingJapanese,Korean,,includingfiction,religion,design,parenting,,,,itcostsRp30,000(US$2)perchildrenandRp50,loor,itcostsRp30,,whichonecanjoinbyfillinginaformandpayinganadministrativefeeofRp375,000forafamily,allmembersofthefamilycanvi,:,Cilandak,:+62217664517Hoursofoperation:(exceptnationalholidays)RimbaBacawillbecl,CentralJakarta,,acollectiveoffilmcritics,journalists,,,,butyoucanreadthematWattCoffeeifyoubringID,,butvisitorsarewelcometoreadou,NontonDikwit,:,Senen,:Hoursofoperation:(flexible)Ifyouarelookingforbooksonarchitecture,OnMeetingArchitectureHub(OMAH),OMAHLibraryaimstobuddingarchitects,orthoseinterestedinthesubject,,500thatcanbefoundhere,focusingmainlyon10architecture-relatedcategories,suchasarchitecturalmonographs,,,,namelyLearningfromtheMaster,BittersweetinDesignExperience,BookDiscussion,SoundsofOMAH,PublicLecture,,forexample,isadiscussionwithlocalandregionalarchitectsabouttheworldofarchitectureinIndonesia,whileArchitecturePilgrimageTripisan,itisbesttodoitontheweekendsorcallbeforeha:/15,TamanVillaMeruya,NorthMeruya,:+622158906043orHoursofoperation:Weekends,,,films,,forexample,,,peopleusuallyflocktothe21stand22ndfloorsasbooksf,,thelibraryisclosedfromJune9to21becauseofRamadhan,butyoucanstillinstallitsapp,,:,Jakarta,10110Contact:Hoursofoperation:MondaytoFriday(8:)andSaturdaytoSunday()

  

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皇帝犯错做检讨,秦穆公的“罪己诏”最感人,汉武帝的最无奈

2019-05-20 15:48:21    国家人文历史  参与评论()人

古代,虽有“王子犯法与庶民同罪”“法不阿贵”的说法,但对象毕竟主要是王公贵族还不涉及到皇帝。皇上在施政过程中出现了严重问题或者施政犯了重大错误时,除了大臣谏言,还有一种悔过的形式—罪己诏,皇帝向皇天,也是向老百姓做的书面检讨。

它源自君王对于自己责任和失责的确认,这件事儿在上古是不成问题的。那时国家小,社会风气淳朴,君民相隔尚不太远,君主的职责相对较为明确,出了问题,人们都在看着,想赖也赖不掉。推诿责任则被视为重大的政治问题,最高统治者做了坏事赖账,上天示警也视而不见,这在民众之中就丧失合法性,是很容易倒台的。《左传》中说“禹、汤罪己,其兴也悖焉;桀、纣罪人,其亡也忽焉”。把赖不赖账、认不认错视作政治优劣的指标,这逐渐成为一种机制,作为君主专权的补充。

萧瀚根据“二十五史”进行的统计显示,共有79位皇帝下过罪己诏:汉朝15位、三国3位(曹魏1位、孙吴2位)、晋朝7位、南朝14位、北朝1位、隋朝1位、唐朝8位、五代6位、宋代7位、辽代1位、金代1位、元朝4位、明朝3位、清朝8位。遗留下诏书全文的大约有二三百篇。袁世凯洪宪帝制失败后,退回来又想继续当中华民国终身大总统,为此还下了一份《罪己诏》,这是历史上最后一份。它以喜剧方式为《罪己诏》划上了句号。

过去史评认为第一位下罪己诏的是汉文帝,后元元年(公元前163)因“水旱疾疫之灾”连年歉收,文帝下诏自责(间者数年比不登,又有水旱疾疫之灾,朕甚忧之),这被认为是传世的第一篇罪己诏。其实,史籍中并没有说这是罪己诏,《全汉文》称此文为《求言诏》。文帝在位二十三年,他颁下诏书有二三十篇,多有自责之意,包括他的遗诏,风格大类相似。如果不是循名求实的话,春秋时期秦穆公的《秦誓》才是第一篇完整的《罪己诏》。

感情最深挚的检讨文字——《秦誓》

史书说“禹、汤罪己”,但没有具体文字传世,而《秦誓》收在《尚书》之中,而且是“今文本”中,没有造伪的嫌疑,事情的前因后果在《左传》中也有很翔实的记载。

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